April 18, 2007
Unsurprising outcomes from researchers at Cornell...
Correll, S., Benard, S., & Paik, I. (2007). Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty? American Journal of Sociology, 112(5), 1297-1338.
Survey research finds that mothers suffer a substantial wage penalty, although the causal mechanism producing it remains elusive. The authors employed a laboratory experiment to evaluate the hypothesis that status-based discrimination plays an important role and an audit study of actual employers to assess its real-world implications. In both studies, participants evaluated application materials for a pair of same-gender equally qualified job candidates who differed on parental status. The laboratory experiment found that mothers were penalized on a host of measures, including perceived competence and recommended starting salary. Men were not penalized for, and sometimes benefited from, being a parent. The audit study showed that actual employers discriminate against mothers, but not against fathers.
November 26, 2006
Jones, A. (1916). Continuation Schools. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 67(New Possibilities in Education), 170-181.
Jones makes the argument that continuation schools encompass "all schools of any type which offer to people, young or old, while they are at work, opportunity for further training or education..." (170). Term "continuation school" derived from German school system which serves as a model, "Fortbildungsschulen." He goes on to classify the types of schools as follows - 1) Private and Philanthropic schools, including YMCA/YWCA, Correspondence courses, University extension, Evening classes in colleges and universities, and special institutions; 2) Apprentice schools (established in connection to a corporation or industry); 3) Schools connected to mercantile establishments; and, 4) Public Schools (Evening schools, Cooperative schools, Part time or "continuation schools). (170-171)
November 08, 2006
A short documentary film about the current practice of trying juveniles as adults and/or applying extreme punitive measures. Produced by Chance Films.
April 24, 2006
Young people are making waves at City Hall:
Policymaking is starting at puberty these days. Berkeley and other cities are drawing teenagers into government in a bid to create politically active -- rather than apathetic -- adults. Although no one tracks the numbers, nine government agencies from San Francisco to Santa Cruz are making room for teenagers on boards and commissions, along with cities across the country.
The phenomenon is called "youth civic engagement,'' and it is being driven in part by celebrity endorsements of political and social causes, moral issue campaigns by religious groups and the growing sophistication of teens who are informing themselves through the Internet.
April 18, 2006
The American Public Health Assocation recognized five communities that are designed with the health of children in mind:
- Riverside County,CA
- Highlands' Garden Village in Denver, Colorado
- Centennial Place in Atlanta, Georgia
- Delaware County, Ohio
- Winchester Greens in Richmond, Virginia
April 14, 2006
Omaha has passed legilsation to divide the public school district into new districts based on race. This regressive move won't take effect till 2008. Even if law suits manage to halt the splitting of the district, the current system does not integrate through busing, but forces students to attend already segregated neighborhood schools.